Wildlife Conservation

We all know the term ‘wildlife’ referes to any living organism in its
natural habitat and ‘endangered’ refers to the state of being extinct,
thereatened or rare. While reading this article we will know why
Wildlife Conservation is important for us. So today Rabinsxp will guide
for the conservation of wildlife listing endangered wildlife of Nepal,
causes of extinction of Wildlife and also we will learn some Wildlife
Management and Conservation Strategy.

IMPORTANT OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION: It is necessary for us to preserve
the wildlife to maintain Ecological balance also it has Medical,
Scientific, Survival, Economic and Genetic values.

CAUSES OF EXTINCTION OF WILDLIFE: Some wild species are declining at
higher rate in last few decades. There is no exact data of wildlife that
have been extinct or in the process of extinction. It is estimated that
about 25,000 plant species and over 1,000 vertebrate species are
threatened with extinction. About 10% of the living species are believed
to be in endangered state. Natural extinction, however, might be due to
adverse climatic conditions but wildlife becomes threatened due to
indiscriminate interference of the natural ecosystem by human being.
Some major causes of wildlife extenction are Habitat Destruction,
Poaching, Environmental Pollution, International Trade and Over
Exploitation & such activities.

ENDANGERED WILDLIFE OF NEPAL: Under 1973 National Parks and Wildlife
Act, there are 27 species of mammals, 9 species of birds and 3 species
of reptiles are given legal protection. I’m sharing you list of
endangered species of Nepal with their Scientific and Nepali Name.
(Readings: S.N – Common Name – Nepali Name – Scientific Name)

MAMMALS (Total 27 species endangered)
1. Red Panda – Habre – Ailurus fulgens
2. Snow Leopard – Hiew Chituwa – Panthera uuncia
3. Bengal Tiger – Bagh – Panthera tigris
4. One-horned Rhinoceros – Gaida – Rhinoceros unicornis
5. Himalayan Musk Deer – Kasturi Mriga – Moschus chrysogaster
6. Nepalese Dolphin – Sons – Plantanista gangetica
7. Swamp Deer – Barahsigae – Cervus duvauceli
8. Asiatic Elephant – Jangali Hatti – Elephus maximus
9. Four-hourned Antelope – Chauka – Tetracerus quadricornis
10. Nepalese Black Buck – Krishna Shar – Antilope cervicapa
11. Indian Pangolin – Salak – Manis crassicaudata
12. Chinese Pagolin – Salak – Manis pentadactyla
13. Assamese Monkey – Asami Rato Bandar – Macca assamensis
14. Grey Wolf – Bwaso – Canis lupus
15. Himalayan Brown Bear – Himali Rato Bhallu – Ursus arctos
16. Spotted Linsang – Lingsang – Prionodon pardicolor
17. Striped Hyaena – Hudar – Hyaena hyaena
18. Leopard Cat – Chari Bagh – Prionailurus bengalenis
19. Clouded Leopard – Bwaso Chituwa – Pardofelis nebalosa
20. Lynx – Lings – Felis lynx
21. Gaur Bison – Gauri Gai – Bos gaurus
22. Wild Yalk – Jangali Chauri – Bos grunniens (B. mutus)
23. Wild Water Buffalo – Arna (Jangali Pani Bhaise) – Bubalus arnee
(B. bubalis)

24. Tibetan Antelope – Chiru – Pantholops hodgsoni
25. Great Tibetan Sheep – Nayan (Tibbati Veda) – Ovis ammon
26. Hispid Hare – Sespod Kharayo – Caprolagus hispidus
27. Pipmy Hog – Pudke Bandel – Sus salvanius (it has been
probably extinct)

9 SPECIES OF ENDANGERED BIRDS OF NEPAL
1. Great Hornbil – Thulo Dhanesh – Buceros bicornis
2. Impeyan Pheasant – Danphe – Lophophorus impejanus
3. Bengal Florican – Khar Mugur – Eupodotis bengalenis
4. Black Stork – Kalo Stork – Ciconia nigra
5. White Stork – Seto Stork – Ciconia ciconia
6. Crimson-horned Pheasant – Munal – Tragopan satyra
7. Cheer Pheasant – Chir – Catreus wallichii
8. Lesser Florican – Mujur/Majur – Sypheotides indica
9. Sarus Crane – Sars – Grus antigone

3 SPECIES OF ENDANGERED REPTILES
1. Gharial – Ghadial Gohi – Gavialis gangeticus
2. Golden Monitor Lizard – Sungohar – Varanus flavescens
3. Asiatic Rock Python – Ajingar – Pythons molurus

MANAGEMENT OF WILDLIFE AND CONSERVATION STRATEGY: A comprehensive
World’s Conservation Strategy for the right use of wildlife, resources
has been developed by scientists of over 100 countries in the UN
Conference on Biodiversity in 1992 that include study, protection &
improvement of habitat, maintenance of statistical data of wildlife,
international multilateral agreements, legislation or protection by law,
ban on hunting, wildlife research, construction of national parks &
reserves and educating people.

Nature is the source of supporting life. So, it must be kept balanced
for which we must try to follow and understand our responsibilities
inorder to protect our Earth. At last but not the least RabinsXp.com
requests you to Conserve Wildlife Resources and protect our Earth.

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