In the future, digital diplomacy will increase around the world, the abuse of social media will increase even more
With the development and expansion of information and communication technology, the world has now turned into a small village. Citizens living anywhere in the world have not been deprived of the use of information and communication technology. In addition to various services obtained through its use, this technology is helping to ensure good governance.
The increasing use of information technology worldwide has helped to build a society without geography through social interaction, public services and information flow. It has also established the lower class people in the right and access to information. It has opened the doors of possibilities to learn knowledge and skills.
Information and communication technology has proved to be a selfless and exclusive friend of the common man. Its correct use has brought an incomparable transformation in people’s lives, while its misuse has also destroyed many people.
No one thought that a computer and the Internet would transform the field of communication so much. Our society, which used to transmit information by playing the katwal, now transmits information with the ringtone of the mobile phone.
Many people now go to sleep watching the latest news on their mobiles and wake up in the morning only to watch the latest news. A study has shown that some people spend at least 2 to 12 hours on the computer and mobile.
Today, letters, radio, TV, reading materials, games, and conversation are all available through one device, but yesterday, walking for weeks to deliver news has become a story.
Those of us who used to be surprised to see people on the television screen now do not find it strange to chat with friends and relatives on video calls. Information and communication technology has made it possible to meet and talk on a glass screen in a moment, when relatives are far away from home or abroad and do not know the latest news for months.
Many people were surprised when the former Minister of Communications Krishna Bahadur Mahara brought the slogan ‘mobile in hand, internet in home’. Those same people today make video calls on iPhones. If the Internet became a vital commodity of the citizens, then the citizens’ expectations began to be in the hands of the government, in the homes of the electronic services.
Electronic stores started to offer ‘online delivery’ in Nepal. Although electronic payment is difficult for the citizens living in the villages and not accessible to all citizens, it has become very convenient for the city residents. According to Rashtra Bank Governor Maha Prasad Adhikari, from April 2079 to the end of February, transactions worth about 74 trillion were transacted through various electronic means.
Currently, the testing of ‘5G’ network has started in Nepal. Although this technology is smarter than ‘4G’, its users are estimated to be low. There will be an increase in e-commerce and digital services, while most businesses in Nepal are based on cloud computing.
As a result, the need for physical storage of hardware and software to store data can reduce the investment to a large extent. New promotion will take place locally. Software will be developed in the local language to make it easy to work on the computer.
Driverless vehicles used in developed countries will run on our roads, while autopilots will fly in the sky for a long time. If Robert will handle the work of public places, there will be an arrangement of cyber security guards that can be controlled from the network for the security of homes, offices and public property.
With the help of internet and network, it will be possible to turn on and off the lights of your house, open and close the gate, refrigerator, radio and TV from outside the house. All these facilities will be available on ‘6G’.
In the coming days, the situation of students going to school carrying heavy books will decrease. All teaching materials will be available on the online portal in the computers provided by the school. Through online education, teachers will be available at home, while students and researchers studying through e-learning will increase.
Even in remote villages, health treatment will be started through ‘video conference’ and only for complex surgeries will have to come to an accessible place. As in other developed countries, if the state wants to develop a single integrated personal data management system in Nepal, it can manage, control and provide necessary services for the life-long activities and daily activities of all citizens. If the latest technology can be used in the agricultural sector and mechanized and marketed, Nepal has great potential to become self-sufficient in agriculture.
The lack of development of information technology hardware and software in the country has increased the dependence on foreign countries. Billions of rupees will go out of Nepal through annual maintenance. There are many challenges due to the lack of establishment of e-waste management industry in the country. We are forced to sell some expensive goods at the price of Kawadi.
The village is looking for technology, while the city is becoming ugly due to excessive use of technology. The increasing use of technology like robots and chatzipity is reducing the employment opportunities. People who love nature are slowly becoming machine lovers.
Even though we hear sporadic news of humans marrying machines now, scientists estimate that it will take a serious form in the future and there is a growing concern that it will have a negative impact on child production. It will further affect the unemployed people and decrease the world population.
In the future, there will be an increase in digital diplomacy all over the world. Abuse of social media will increase. There will be an increase in cyber criminal activities in the society.
The impact of information and communication technology on the presidential election in the US and the general election in India is now slowly showing signs that it will also be felt in Nepal. It is sure to have more impact in the upcoming elections.
For the sake of computer system as well as data security, it is necessary to have appropriate policy and structural arrangements for the development and capacity building of human resources and tools for cyber security, timely policy formulation regarding information technology, software system development as well as quality standards, research, IT audit and cyber security.
Information Technology Act, Internet Act, Data or Cloud Act, Data Privacy, E-Waste Management Act, Policy and Social Media Act have become very difficult. Some wronged people are waiting for justice.
Confusion has also been created about the use of new technologies such as: AI, Blockchain, Machine-Learning, Deep-Learning, Bitcoin, Robotics, Drones, Internet of Things, and Cryptocurrency without making a law.
The risk of cyber security in Nepal is increasing due to repeated cyber attacks on the integrated data center, the services of the Immigration Office as well as the websites of other government agencies were blocked for about four hours.
Recently, various news media confirm the fact that the data of government offices including the Public Service Commission has been lost. Therefore, it is appropriate to reorganize the National Information Technology Center. In order to create a working environment for technical employees with high morale, IT services should be given high priority and the moral development of technical employees should be ensured.
As there is a lack of public awareness about computers, social networks and cyber security among the government and non-governmental bodies including ordinary citizens, it is necessary to reduce the digital gap by bringing awareness about cyber security at the national level through training programs and public awareness campaigns.
It is necessary to establish the equal right of all citizens to access information. The state should pay attention to providing equal opportunities in the consumption of information and communication technology to both the categories of those who are, those who eat and those who eat while eating. It is necessary to provide services with free internet in public places. The local level should take responsibility for this. Rasas
(The author is an e-governance and information technology expert.)
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