Energy Crisis in a Modern Society
Now-a-days, the development of a nation is measured in terms of production, investment and conservation of energy. In our villages, fuel wood, crop waste and animal dung are still used as sources of energy for cooking, heating and lightening. The sources of energy which are exhaustible and can’t be replaced in the nature quickly when exhausted are called non-renewable sources of energy. Fossil fuels and nuclear energy are examples. The sources of energy which can’t be exhausted and can be replaced quickly and can be used continuously for long time are renewable sources of energy. Solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal and bio-fuels are some of its examples. It has been estimated that fossil fuels will last not more than 200 years at the present rate of consumption. Similarly, it is estimated that nuclear materials (uranium and thorium) will last at least for 100 years at the present rate of consumption. That’s why; we should conserve energy to avert the energy crisis.